Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis)

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Black rhino: Size comparison to an elephant Difference between a Black and White rhino

Scientific Name:  Diceros bicornis
Common Name: Black Rhinoceros
Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia, Zambia, and South Africa. 
Description: Black rhinos have a prehensile upper lip which they use to gather leaf and woody plant browsing
Difference in Sex: Females slightly larger than bulls
Average Weight: 1100 kg
Habitat: Wide habitat tolerance provided there are shrubs and trees for browsing and dense thickets for resting.
Habits: Black rhinos frequently wallow in shallow water holes. The water may help cool the rhinos, and the rhinos coat themselves in mud, probably to gain a protective coating against biting flies. Black rhinos have sedentary, overlapping home ranges. Males are probably territorial, but they will tolerate the presence of subordinate males. Females with calves generally stay alone, but they sometimes allow attachment of an abandoned juvenile. Rhinos associate at group wallows and will form loose aggregations of up to 13 individuals. Black rhinos are unpredictable and can be dangerous. They have poor eyesight but an excellent sense of smell and will often charge humans, vehicles and campsites if they detect human scent. Most of these charges are bluffs, but black rhinos can do serious damage with their horns.
Main feeding time: Nocturnal and diurnal
Size: The black rhino head-body length is 300-375cm, tail length is 70cm, and shoulder height is 140-180cm.
Gestation: 15 months
Number of young at birth: Single calf
Communication: Mostly by scent but do make snorts, grunts, puffs and squeals.
Age:  up to 42 years
Diet: Browsers eating leaves, twigs, shoots and occasionally
Enemies: Very young may be taken by lions. Sadly the biggest danger to the rhino are mankind, due to poaching.
Interesting facts: