Flag description: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green.
Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon.
Geographic coordinates: 10 00 N, 8 00 E
Climate: varies; equatorial in south, tropical in centre, arid in north.
Independence: 1 October 1960 (from UK).
Capital City: Abuja.
Head of State: President Olusegun OBASANJO.
Area: 923,768 sq km.
Type of Government: republic transitioning from military to civilian rule.
Currency: 1 naira (N) = 100 kobo.
Major peoples: Nigeria, which is Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%.
Religion: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%.
Official Language: English.
Principal Languages: English , Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani.
Major Exports: petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber.
History: Currently being up-dated.