Africa has many tribes who share the same region and language base, and generally has similar traditions and customs.

Most sub-Sahara African tribes has their origins in central and west Africa. Various reasons led to their migration across the continent, and this sharing of main origin is seen clearly in their common root languages.

The northern tribes (Sahara and north-ward), had an Arabic influence in their language, cultures and traditions. The spreading of Islam, Arab slave trade and war, created pressure on many tribal groupings to move further south down the African continent.

This expansion of central African tribes, in turn pushed the southern African indigenous peoples (Khoi, San) into more isolated areas. The Khoi-san (Bushmen) do not belong to the same genetic grouping as most African tribes, and the San belong to an much older pre-historic grouping. An interesting fact is, that only by the 16th / 17th Century did the first black African tribes arrived in the far south-eastern region of southern Africa, what is now known as the Transkei region of South Africa.

African tribes and their languages

Alphabetical List of Known Tribes in Africa:

Abe
Abidji
Abron
Abure
Adanse
Adjukru
Afar
Afo
Agbogho monnwhu
Agwa
Aizi
Akan
Akuapem
Aladyan
Ambo
Anang
Anyang
Anyi
Aowin
Arugba
Asante
Asinda
Akye
Avikam
Bafo
Baga
Bakota
Balante
Bali
Bamana
Bambara
Bamileke
Bamum
Bana
Bangba
Bangubangu
Bangwa
Bankoni
Banyambo
Barambu
Bariba
Barotse
Basikasingo
Bassa
Baster
Baule
Beke
Bella
Bemba
Bembe
Bena Luluwa
Bende
Benin
Berber
Bete
Betsi
Bidjogo
Bidyogo
Bijema
Bira
Bjiri
Boa
Bobo
Bodo
Boki
Bongo
Boni
Borana
Bozo
Buganda
Bundu
Burra
Bushoong
Buyu
Bwa
Bwaka
Bwende
Bwile
Byeri
Byeru
Chagga
Chamba
Chokwe
Chopi
Dabakala
Dagari
Dakakari
Damara
Dan
Dinka
Diomande
Dioula
Djenné
Dogon
Dorobo
Ebandza
Edan
Ega
Ejagham
Eket
Ekoi
Ekonda
Elefon
Elegba
Eotile
Epa
Esie
Esuma
Ewe
Fale
Fang
Fante
Fon
Frafra
Fuga
Fulani
Few
Gan
Gaola
Gato
Gbekre
Gciriku
Geh
Ghimbala
Gio
Giryama
Gogo
Goma
Gon
Grebo
Guerre
Guerze_Kpelle
Guin
Gurage
Guro
Gurunsi
Gwa
Hamar
Hamba
Hausa
Hehe
Hemba
Herero
Himba
Holoholo
Hutu
Hungana
Ibibio
Idoma
Igala
Igbira
Igbo
Igbo Ukwu
Ijo
Iraqw
Jaba
Jukun
Kafigeledio
Kaguru
Kaka
Kanu
Kara
Karo
Karagwe
Karamojong
Karsina
Kassena
Katana
Katsina
Kerebe
Kete
Kholuka
Kigango
Kikuyu
Kipsigi
Kissi
Kiteki
Kom
Koma
Komo
Kongo
Konso
Koro
Kota
Kpaniya
Kpelie
Kponiugo
Kran
Krinjabo
Krobu
Kru
Kuba
Kusu
Kuyu
Kwahu
Kwame
Kwangali
Kwele
Kwere
Kyaman
Laka
Lamba
Landuma
Lega
Leka
Lele
Lemba
Lenge
Lengola
Lese
Liko
Lobedu
Lobi
Loma
Lombi
Lomotwa
Lovale
Lovedu
Lozi
Luba Upemba
Luchazi
Lulua
Lumbo
Lunda
Lungu
Luvale
Lwalwa
Lwena
Maasai
Mabaan
Mabea
Mahafaly
Mahongwe
Makonde
Malinke
Mambila
Mandinka
Mangbetu
Manja
Mano
Marka
Masai
Mau
Mbala
Mbanja
Mbete
Mbo
Mbole
Mbukushu
Mbunza
Mbuti
Medje
Mende
Mfumte
Mindumu
Mitsogo
Mongo
Mossi
Mpo
Mumuye
Munchi
Mvuba
Nalu
Nama
Namji
Nande
Ndaaka
Ndabi
Ndebele
Ndengese
Ngbaka
Ngbandi
Ngere
Ngoni
Nguni
Nkanu
Nkondi
Nok
Ntumu
Nuna
Nupe
Nyamwezi
Nyanga
Nyanzi
Nyindu
Nyoro
Obamba
Ogboni
Ogoni
Ogowe
Okua
Ondumbo
Oromo
Oron
Ovambo
Ovimbundu
Owe
Owo
Pangwa
Pedi
Pende
Pere
Pfemba
Pokot
Pomdo
Punu
Pygmy
Qua
Rungu
Sakalava
Salampasu
Samburu
San
Sango
Sanwi
Sapi
Segou
Senufo
Shamaye
Shambaa
Shambiu
Shangaan
Sherbo
Shi
Shilluk
Shona
Sikasingo
Sikka
Sokoto
Somali
Songhai
Songo
Songola
Songye
Soninke
Sotho
Subia
Suku
Surma
Susu
Swahili
Swazi
Tabwa
Tale
Teke
Tellem
Temne
Tetela
Thonga
Tikar
Tiv
Tjiwara
Toma
Tongwe
Totela
Toubou
Tsogho
Tsonga
Tswana
Tuareg
Tumbwe
Tutsi
Twifo
Urhobo
Venda
Vezo
Vili
Wassa
We
Winiama
Wodaabe
Wolof
Wongo
Woyo
Wum
Xhosa
Yaka
Yaure
Yeyi
Ymbe
Yoruba
Zande
Zaramo
Zela
Zimba
Zombo
Zulu