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Scientific Name: Orycteropus afer
Common Names: Antbear, Aardvark, Erdferkel, Erdschwein, Erdvark, Le Fourmillier, (African Names: Oso hormiguero, Onjamunjama, Khuwub, Sambane.)
Description: The Antbear is strong and stocky of built, and covered by a sparse coat of coarse, white or cream-coloured hair with the pinkish or yellowish skin showing through. Females have a lighter coloured head, and the end of the tail is white. The snout is long and pig-like with slit-shaped nostrils that can be closed while digging. The ears are long with pointed tips. The hindquarters are powerful and much heavier than the forequarters, and the back slopes upwards to the rump. The tail is long, thick and powerful. The legs are sturdy and very strong. There are four toes on the front feet with long claws that are concave underneath and have sharp edges, and five toes on the hind feet with shorter, more curved claws. The only teeth are a row of cylindrical molars and premolars.
Difference in Sex: Very similar, but female have a white tail tip and are slightly smaller. Females have one pair of nipples on the belly and one pair between the hind legs.
Average Weight of Adult male: 53 kg
Habitat: Prefer sandy soil environments, as it need to dig for holes to hide and termites. Widely distributed, the main habitat requirement, being a supply of ants and termites for food.
Main feeding time: Night
Size: shoulder height 60 cm. Average total length 1,6 m, tail 54cm
Gestation: 7 months
Number of young at birth: single young
Communication: Some kind of grunt and sometimes squeal when frightened
Age: About 18 years
Diet: Mostly ants (70%) and termites (30%) and occasionally other insects. More ants are eaten in the winter, more termites in summer. Also eats the fruit of aardvark pumpkins (Cucumis humifructus) which is borne underground.
Enemies: Lion, Leopard, Cheetah, Hyena, Wild dog and Pythons.