African Fauna and Flora.

Encyclopaedia on wildlife and plants of Southern Africa.

Information knowledge base on mammals, birds, insects, spiders, scorpions, reptiles, trees, grasses and lichens found in Africa.

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    Diversity of African Fauna and Flora.

Mammals

A warm-blooded animal, that has fur or hair. Generally found on land, but there are also marine mammals.

Mammals give birth to live young, who drink milk from their mother.

Famous Big 5 Safari Animals

Lion

Leopard

Elephant

Buffalo

Rhino

Black  White

Antelope - Bovidae

Addax antelope
Damara Dik-dik 
Oribi 
Suni 
Grysbok
Sharpe's Grysbok
Klipspringer
Red Duiker 
Common Duiker
Black Duiker
Steenbok
Mountain Gazelle
Moroccan Gazelle
Mhorr's Gazelle
Clark's Gazelle
Bushbuck
Blesbok 
Bontebok
Reedbuck 
Mountain Reedbuck
Grey Rheebuck
Springbuck
Impala
Blue Wildebeest
Black Wildebeest
Tsessebe
Gemsbok
Schimitar- Horned Oryx
Red Hartebeest
Lichtenstein's Hartebeest
Sable
Roan
Puku
Waterbuck 
Red Lechwe
Nyala
Sitatunga
Kudu
Eland
Western Giant Eland

Zebras - Equidae
Hartmann's Mountain Zebra
Cape Mountain Zebra
Burchell's Zebra

Baboon / Monkey - Cercopithecidae
Black And White Colobus
Redtail Monkey
Vervet Monkey
Chacma baboon

Jackal / Foxes - Canidae
Wild Dog
Cape Fox 
Black-backed Jackal
Bat-eared Fox
Side-striped Jackal
Simien Fox

Bats - Chiroptera
Rodrigues Flying Fox
African Giant Free-tailed Bat 
Walhlberg's epauletted fruit bat
Straw-coloured fruit bat
Egyptian fruit bat

Hyenas - Hyenidae
Spotted Hyena 
Brown Hyena
Aardwolf

Cats - Felidae
Cheetah
Caracal
Serval 

African Golden Cat
African Wild Cat
Small spotted Cat

Giraffe - Giraffidae
Giraffe

Hippopotamus - Hipopotamidae
Hippopotamus

Rats - Muridae
Nile Rat 

Mole rat - Bathyergidae
Common mole rat 
East-african mole rat

Hedgehog - Erinacidae
Hedgehog

Bushbabies - Lorisidae
Lesser Bushbaby
Thick-tailed Bushbaby

Cane Rat - Thryonomyidae
Greater cane rat

Pangolin - Manidae
Pangolin

Antbear - Orycteropodidae
Antbear

Hares and Rabbits - Leporidae
Riverine Rabbit
Scrub Hare
Cape Hare

Flying Squirrel - Anomaluridae
Lord Derby's Flying Squirrel 

Squirrels - Sciuridae
Ground Squirrel
Tree Squirrel

Spring Hare - Peditidae
Spring Hare

Porcupine - Hystricidae
Porcupine
African Brush-tailed Porcupine

Weasels, Polecats, Badgers and Otters - Mustelidae
Striped Polecat 
Honey Badger
Clawless Otter

Civet, Suricate, Genet,  Mongoose - Viveridae
African Civet 
Large spotted Genet
Small spotted Genet
Savanna Mongoose
Selous Mongoose
Yellow Mongoose
Small Grey Mongoose
White-tailed Mongoose
Water Mongoose
Large Grey Mongoose
Slender Mongoose
Banded Mongoose
Dwarf Mongoose
Suricate

Hyraxes - Procaviidae
Rock Dassie
Tree Hyrax 
Yellow-spot Hyrax

Pigs - Suidae
Warthog
Bush pig

Manatee - Trichechdae
African Manatee

Reptiles

Africa has a wide diversity of reptiles. These include the Nile Crocodile (largest in Africa), various snakes, tortoises and turtles, skinks, lizards and gecko's.

Snakes

Berg Adder
Peringuey's Adder
Red Adder
Barbours Short-headed Viper

Other Reptiles

Agamas
Namibian Rock Agama

Gecko's
Carp's Barking Gecko
Web Footed Gecko

Skinks
Ovambo tree Skink

Lizards
Reticulated Desert Lizard
Shovel Snouted  Lizard
Waterberg Sand Lizard

Legless Skinks
Brain's Leggless Skink

Chameleons
Namaqua Chameleon
Coarse Chameleon
Johnstons Chameleon
Smooth Chameleon

Tortoises
Leopard Tortoise  

Amphibians

Southern Africa is famous for the many frogs and amphibians that are found in it's rivers, swamps and deltas.

Frogs

 De Witte's Clawed Frog

 Disk toed Puddle Frog

 Grauer's Puddle Frog

 Kivu Dwarf Litter Frog

 Luanda Puddle Frog

 Montane Golden Toad

 Montane Squeaker

 Western Rift Puddle Frog 

Plants & Trees

Africa is home to an amazing plant diversity, and some very rare old species. In this section you will find the most commonly seen trees and plants of Southern Africa.

Trees of Southern Africa

Acacia erioloba
Acacia erubscens
Acacia exuvialis
Acacia hebeclada
Acanthosicyos horrridus
Acokanthera oppositifolia
Adansonia digitata
Adenolobus pechuelii
Adenium multiflorum
Albizia anthelmintica
Aloe asperifolia
Aloe dichotoma
Aloe littoralis
Aloe zebrina
Arthraerua leubnitziae
Asclepias buchenaviana
Asparagus africanus
Euclea pseudebenus
Bauhinia galpinii
Blepharis grossa

Boscia albitrunca

Boscia foetida
Carrissa bispinosa
Catophractes alexandri
Cleome angustifolia
Colophospermum mopane
Combretum imberbe
Commiphora saxicola
Croton gratissimus
Cucumus zeyheri
Cyphostemma currorii
Datura stramonium

Diospyros mespiliformis (African Ebony, Jackal Berry)

Dombeya rotundifolia

Euclea pseudebenus

Euphorbia virosa

Fokea multiflora

Hyphaene petersiana (Makalani Palm)

Kleinia longiflora
Momordica balsamina
Moringa ovalifolia
Nicotiana glauca
Orthanthera albida
Pachypodium lealii
Pechuel-Loeschea leubnitziae
Pellaea calomelanos
Peltophorum africanum
Pergularia daemia
Plicosepalus curviflorus
Prosopis glandulosa
Salsola tuberculatiformis
Salvadora persica
Sansevieria aethiopica
Sansevieria pearsonii
Tamarix usneoides
Terminalia prunioides
Welwitschia
Ziziphus mucronata
Zygophyllum stapffii

Lichens and Grasses:

The lichens we deal with on this site are mostly found along the Namibian coast, and many are endemic only to that area. The various grasses are most from Namibia and Namib Desert.

Namib Dune bushman grass
Ostrich grass
Silky bushman grass 
Teloschistes capensis
Xanthomaculina convoluta
Waterberg Lichen 1
Namib Desert Lichen 1
Namib Desert Lichen 2
Namib Desert Lichen 3
Namib Desert Lichen 4