Makgadikgadi Pans of Botswana

The Makgadikgadi is a place of wide-open, uninhabited spaces under an endless canopy of blue African sky.


The remoteness, inaccessibility and danger of the pans all add to their allure of this semi-desert region.

Botswana's Makgadikgadi Pans: Wildlife safaris exploring the best National Parks of Botswana

It is a vast expanse filled with subtle hues and surrealistic beauty. Almost the size of Portugal, the pan covers 12 000 square kilometers, and is the largest saltpan in the world. The pan is only a portion of what used to be one of the largest inland lakes in Africa.


The area is comprised of the Sua and Ntwetwe pans. During the heat of the late winter day the pans become a shimmering mirage of disorienting and ethereal austerity. The large number of small villages and the small stone age tools and other artefacts that can be found scattered around the islands (for example on Kubu Island), all point to the fact that the Makgadikgadi Pans have supported human habitation, and their livestock, for a very long time. At one time the Makgadikgadi Pans was important as a major trade route.


In September large herds of antelope, zebra and wildebeest roam the dusty plains awaiting the first rains. On their arrival the waters turn the pans into a perfect mirror of the sky, distorting all sense of place and time. Although these rains are short lived, in December another deluge turns the edges of the vast pans into waving fringes of green grassland where herds of wildlife converge to partake in the bounty.


Flocks of birds arrive to build their nests along the shoreline of the Nata River, in Sua Pan, and feed on algae and crustaceans that have been lying dormant in the salt and sand awaiting the drenching rains.



The water-rich Okavango Delta and her flood-plains forms the centre-point of Botswana's main wildlife areas. With the Moremi, Savuti and Chobe Reserves bordering the Delta.


A little bit south and basically in the Kalahari Desert region of Botswana, is the Makgadikgadi and Nxai Pans.


Both conservation areas are in total contrast to the rest of Botswana's wildlife areas, as this has more of an desert climate. Yet, after the summer rains, these dry pans are covered in green grass, and as if magical, suddenly filled with thousands of various antelope species.


These wildlife areas are home to an spectacular diversity of wildlife and birdlife. Famed for the huge herds of elephants and buffaloes, various antelope and naturally the predators that prey on them.